Glossary term: Scorpio

Description: The shortened form for the constellation Scorpius (the Scorpion), which is one of the 13 constellations of the Zodiac located along the ecliptic, and one of the 88 constellations recognized by the International Astronomical Union. Although Scorpio was part of the original 48 constellations identified by Ptolemy, it was identified by the Sumerians over a thousand years prior to him. Other cultures have different names for Scorpio: it is known as Maui’s Hook in Māori and Polynesian cultures, and Indigenous Australian groups like the Yolngu people of Arnhem Land identify Scorpio as both a crocodile and a scorpion. The brightest star in the constellation is Antares (known as alpha Scorpii), a red giant star around 550 light years from Earth.

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Term and definition status: This term and its definition is still awaiting approval

The OAE Multilingual Glossary is a project of the IAU Office of Astronomy for Education (OAE) in collaboration with the IAU Office of Astronomy Outreach (OAO). The terms and definitions were chosen, written and reviewed by a collective effort from the OAE, the OAE Centers and Nodes, the OAE National Astronomy Education Coordinators (NAECs) and other volunteers. You can find a full list of credits here. All glossary terms and their definitions are released under a Creative Commons CC BY-4.0 license and should be credited to "IAU OAE".